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The Chinese boast two of the world’s top ten fastest supercomputers, according to rankings published by the TOP500 organization. The Nebulae, based in Shenzhen, is currently the fastest system worldwide in theoretical peak performance at 2.98 petaflops per second (PFlop/s).

China’s ambition to enter the supercomputing arena, among other areas of world competitiveness, because clearer this week with a system called Nebulae, build from a Dawning TC3600 Blade system with Intel X5650 processors and NVidia Tesla C2050 GPUs.

Nebulae is currently the fastest system worldwide in theoretical peak performance at 2.98 petaflops per second (PFlop/s). A petaflop is a measure of a computer’s processing speed and can be expressed as a thousand trillion floating point operations per second. China now runs 24 of the top 500 computers in the world, and two placed in the top 10.

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